Dorris, Michael. 1996. Sees Behind Trees. New York: Hyperion.
Smith, Karla. 2003. Virginia Native Peoples. Chicago: Heinemann, State Studies.
High School & Above
Cook, Samuel B. 2000. Monacans and Miners: Native American and Coal Mining Communities in Appalachia. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press (1st half especially recommended).
Egloff, Keith, and Deborah Woodward. 2006. First People: The Early Indians of Virginia. 2nd ed. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.
Feest, Christian F. 1990. “The Powhatan Indians.” In Indians of North America, Frank W. Porter, III, ed. New York: Chelsea House Publishers (classic secondary source).
Gleach, Frederic W. 1997. Powhatan’s World and Colonial Virginia. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press (chapter 1 especially recommended).
Haile, Edward W. 1998. Jamestown Narratives: Eyewitness Accounts of the Virginia Colony: The First Decade 1607-1617. Champlain, VA: RoundHouse (primary source material).Hantman, Jeffrey L. 1990. “Between Powhatan and Quirank: Reconstructing Monacan Culture and History in the Context of Jamestown.” American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 92, No. 3 (Sept.), 676-690.Hantman, Jeffrey L. and Gary Dunham. 1993. “The Enlightened Archaeologist.”Archaeology, May/June.
Rountree, Helen C.
1990.Pocahontas’s People: The Powhatan Indians of Virginia Through Four Centuries. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press (classic secondary source).
2005. Pocahontas, Powhatan, Opechancanough: Three Indian Lives Changed by Jamestown. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.
Townsend, Camilla. 2004. Pocahontas and the Powhatan Dilemma. New York: Hill and Wang.
Wood, Karenne (ed.). 2010. The Virginia Indian Heritage Trail. 3rd ed. Charlottesville: Virginia Foundation for the Humanities.
Wood, Karenne and Diane Shields. 2000. The Monacan Indians: Our Story. Madison Heights, VA: Monacan Indian Nation.
Virginia’s First People – Comprehensive web site developed by Virginia Department of Education and Prince William Network. History, geography, culture, lesson plans, Standards of Learning, instructional resources. At
Virginia Council on Indians – State organization serving as liaison between state-recognized tribes, the Governor, and the Virginia legislature.
Jamestown and the Colonial Period
Historic Jamestowne – Site of the first permanent English settlement in the western hemisphere. Lesson plans, educational programs. Archaeology, social studies.
Jamestown Settlement – Interpretive history center, lesson plans, educational programs, school outreach programs.
Virtual Jamestown – A digital research-teaching-learning project to explore the legacies of the Jamestown settlement, and “the Virginia experiment”.