Virginia Indian Heritage Program Resources

Suggested Readings

Elementary School

  • Dorris, Michael. 1996.  Sees Behind Trees. New York: Hyperion.
  • Smith, Karla. 2003. Virginia Native Peoples. Chicago: Heinemann, State Studies.

High School & Above

  • Cook, Samuel B.  2000.  Monacans and Miners: Native American and Coal Mining Communities in Appalachia. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press (1st half especially recommended).
  • Egloff, Keith, and Deborah Woodward.  2006.  First People: The Early Indians of Virginia.  2nd ed. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.
  • Feest, Christian F.  1990.  “The Powhatan Indians.” In Indians of North America, Frank W. Porter, III, ed. New York: Chelsea House Publishers (classic secondary source).
  • Gleach, Frederic W.  1997.  Powhatan’s World and Colonial Virginia.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press (chapter 1 especially recommended).
  • Haile, Edward W.  1998.  Jamestown Narratives: Eyewitness Accounts of the Virginia Colony: The First Decade 1607-1617.  Champlain, VA: RoundHouse (primary source material).Hantman, Jeffrey L.  1990.  “Between Powhatan and Quirank: Reconstructing Monacan Culture and History in the Context of Jamestown.” American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 92, No. 3 (Sept.), 676-690.Hantman, Jeffrey L. and Gary Dunham.  1993.  “The Enlightened Archaeologist.” Archaeology, May/June.
  • Rountree, Helen C.
    1990.  Pocahontas’s People: The Powhatan Indians of Virginia Through Four Centuries. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press (classic secondary source).
  • 2005.  Pocahontas, Powhatan, Opechancanough: Three Indian Lives Changed by Jamestown.  Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.
  • Townsend, Camilla.  2004.  Pocahontas and the Powhatan Dilemma.  New York: Hill and Wang.
  • Wood, Karenne (ed.).  2010.  The Virginia Indian Heritage Trail.  3rd ed. Charlottesville: Virginia Foundation for the Humanities.
  • Wood, Karenne and Diane Shields.  2000.  The Monacan Indians: Our Story.  Madison Heights, VA: Monacan Indian Nation.

Web Resources


  • Virginia’s First PeopleComprehensive web site developed by Virginia Department of Education and Prince William Network. History, geography, culture, lesson plans, Standards of Learning, instructional resources. At
  • Virginia Council on IndiansState organization serving as liaison between state-recognized tribes, the Governor, and the Virginia legislature.

Jamestown and the Colonial Period

  • Historic JamestowneSite of the first permanent English settlement in the western hemisphere. Lesson plans, educational programs. Archaeology, social studies.
  • Jamestown SettlementInterpretive history center, lesson plans, educational programs, school outreach programs.
  • Virtual JamestownA digital research-teaching-learning project to explore the legacies of the Jamestown settlement, and “the Virginia experiment”.